Survey says: Still a glass ceiling
HR leaders say gender inequality remains a significant issue at higher levels.
A new study by Korn Ferry and The Conference Board shows that, while there has been some progress in advancing women in business, there is still significant work that needs to be done to move toward gender parity.
Researchers surveyed nearly 300 human resource executives as part of the study, Effective Leadership Development Strategies at Pivotal Points for Women: Chief Human Resources Officers and Senior HR Leaders Speak. While 62% of respondents believe representation of women in leadership positions has improved during the last five years, 66% believe that there still is an inadequate representation of women in leadership positions in their organization today.
According to the survey and other bodies of research, gender inequity is significantly higher at top levels within organizations. While nearly half of individual contributors are women, that percentage dwindles to little more than a fifth at the senior vice president and c-suite levels.
The study found a high level of dissatisfaction with female representation in leadership roles, with 66% of respondents saying the number of women at the vice president level at their own organization was inadequate, and 65% agreeing that there was not enough female representation in the c-suite.
Half of respondents believe there are not enough women in the pipeline to fill open leadership positions. In addition, 40% do not believe women are gaining the experiences necessary to help them advance. The authors of the study believe incremental actions will not be enough to close the gap, and that leaders must disrupt the status quo, take a strong position, and focus on programs that drive greater outcomes.
“The obstacles a woman faces exist across the entire lifecycle – from hiring to promotion and throughout development,” said Beatrice Grech-Cumbo, Korn Ferry leader of Advancing Women Worldwide and senior client partner. “In the study, we identified two pivotal points where women’s representation drops significantly: first-line leaders and senior leaders. While organizations are focusing on increasing the representation of women in senior leadership, it is equally important to work to place women in first-line manager roles. This point in the pipeline significantly impacts the promotion pool of female talent.”
“HR and business executives need to take a step back to better understand and address the systemic reasons behind the gender imbalance,” said Rebecca L. Ray, Ph.D., executive vice president of Human Capital at The Conference Board. “Reasons include pay inequity, hiring manager bias and accountability, a lack of sponsors and champions, as well as the lack of programmatic support for the integration of work and life.”
The report by Korn Ferry and The Conference Board also identifies key steps that are necessary to help women advance at all levels of the organization; recommendations include:
- Challenging women early in their careers
- Redesigning talent management systems to mitigate bias and disrupt historical practices
- Creating an intentionally inclusive climate
- Providing differentiated development opportunities and experiences
- Developing a sponsorship program aimed at advancement opportunities for women
- Offering stretch assignments and personalized leadership experiences
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