World Green Building Week kicks off
The World Green Building Council say they are uniting 90 nations and more than 20,000 organizations to mark World Green Building Week Sept. 17-21.
This year’s theme is ‘Green Buildings for Great Communities’, highlighting the role of green buildings in creating greener and healthier neighborhoods, communities and cities.
Events in the United States include a live Twitter chat with U.S. Green Building Council’s President, CEO & Founder Rick Fedrizzi and Green Building Council of Australia’s CEO Romilly Madew.
Market Recap: RISI Crow’s Construction Materials Cost Index
A price index of lumber and panels used in actual construction for Sept. 14, 2012
*Western – regional species perimeter foundation; Southern – regional species slab construction.
Crow’s Market Recap — A condensed recap of the market conditions for the major North American softwood lumber and panel products as reported in Crow’s Weekly Market Report.
Lumber: SPF lumber producers pursued orders by lowering prices, and achieved varying amounts of success, depending on the depth of discounts. Mills in the East seemed more aggressive with price cuts. Some ex-pitting was done. Modest demand in the Southern Pine lumber market for wide widths continued to place downward pressure on those items, while 2×4 #2 held up across all zones. Some treaters, approaching their year-ends, scaled back purchases because of inventory concerns. Sales of #2&Btr items in the Coastal species lumber market were not made without some kind of a discount. Green Doug Fir producers were more aggressive with discounts than dry producers. Buyers looked for "ultra-specific" tallies to keep inventories lean. Inland species lumber buyers were on a bargain hunt, and producers found themselves having to discount in order to write business. Limited availability of Radiata Pine Mldg&Btr kept prices firm, even though demand seems to have waned. Shop grades were unavailable, as producers supplied off-shore markets or used it internally. Buyers of Ponderosa Pine shop lumber remained on the sidelines, making purchases on only those items they had to have. The market for Ponderosa Pine boards improved, as producers cleaned up excess items and firmed up prices on some. The Eastern White Pine market remained on the quiet side. Moderate sales of Idaho White Pine were reported, and some prices adjusted down slightly Western Red Cedar producers sold moderate volumes at a steady pace, reflecting much the same tone as in past weeks. Mills tinkered with prices very little, seeing no need to either create concern among buyers or "squeeze another nickel out of them."
Panels: Mill sales of OSB were on the quiet side, as buyers turned to wholesalers and stocking distributers to cover their needs. Western mill order files were into the first two weeks of October, with only a few offerings for shipment the week of September 24. Rated sheathing order files thinned, forcing Southern Pine plywood producers to discount in some instances. Yards filled inventory holes while wholesalers stood on the sidelines. Sales of Western Fir plywood depended on how deep a mill wanted to discount to move volumes. Most sheathing order files extended out into the week of September 24, but it sometimes took discounts to get there. Major Canadian plywood producers, having order files into early October, held prices firm and saw little incentive to discount their cash wood. Some peripheral producers with shorter order files were more open to counters and wrote some business at a discount to published levels. Buyers did not purchase enough particleboard volumes to give producers any cushion. Individual mills continued to raise MDF prices on some customers.
For more on RISI, click here.
Religious inclusion requires year-round attention
U.S. employers often treat “the holiday season” as the period from November to January each year, says Mark Fowler of the Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding, and design policies to fit U.S. norms. But these practices can exclude those with other religious beliefs.
During a Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) webinar held Sept. 5, 2012, Fowler, managing director of programs for Tanenbaum, discussed a number of holidays during his presentation, including Sukkot, a Jewish holiday that occurs in the fall. A key element of the holiday is the erecting and use of a Sukkah — a walled dwelling covered with plant material — to symbolize the kind of accommodations the Jews lived in during their years in the desert. Fowler said he knows of an employee who requested permission to erect a sukkah in his company’s lobby as a learning opportunity for others.
And Fowler noted that some employees avoid participating in events perceived by many as secular in nature, such as Halloween and Valentine’s Day, because the holidays actually have religious roots. Employers should be prepared for and sensitive to a variety of employee reactions if employee social events are held in conjunction with such holidays.
Though he used the webinar to educate participants about a variety of holidays, Fowler was quick to add that “It is impossible for you to learn everything about every religion.” But he said employers should increase their awareness of “the many ways that religion and holidays come into play in the workplace.
“The best approach is to have practices that allow you to address the needs of the employees you have,” he explained. Even those who identify with a Christian tradition might practice their beliefs in very different ways, he noted. For example, one webinar participant noted that a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church — a Christian denomination — requested time off on Saturdays for the weekly Sabbath.
Fowler suggests that employers consider incorporating an interfaith calendar into their traditional calendar to stay up-to-date on holidays that might be important to employees.
Christmas is the most commonly celebrated workplace holiday in the U.S., he explained, and Christian holiday practices tend to pervade the workplace. Few workplaces close for or otherwise accommodate Jewish, Muslim or other holidays, he said. This can cause some employees to “feel different, marginalized, less worthy or not part of the team,” he explained.
The Microsoft Outlook e-mail system allows users to add holidays celebrated by various countries to computer calendars. Fowler recommended the BBC’s interfaith calendar as well.
Fowler recommends that employers review interfaith calendars at least quarterly to identify holidays that could be relevant for employees in their organizations. He suggests employers avoid scheduling meetings or other events on religious holidays to minimize issues.
A quarterly review of upcoming holidays provides employers with a good opportunity to remind employees to submit any time-off requests or other accommodation needs as far in advance as possible, he added. However, managers should not assume that employees will require the same time off or accommodations each year, he noted, because there are many things that impact how an individual practices his or her religion from year to year.
Holiday policies and practices
HR professionals have a number of holiday-related issues to manage, such as appropriate year-end holiday party celebrations, office decorations and time-off requests, Fowler acknowledged. Nevertheless, he encouraged participants to consider adding other provisions to their holiday policy, such as holiday swapping (permitting employees to work on a holiday they do not celebrate in exchange for a holiday that is meaningful to them) or floating holidays (undesignated holiday time off that employees can schedule to meet their needs), to further demonstrate the organization’s support for employee religious needs.
After illustrating a number of religious holiday scenarios employers could encounter, such as an employee who decides for the first time to fast and cover her hair for the monthlong observance of the Muslim holiday Ramadan, Fowler provided a number of tips for participants such as:
• Institute quiet rooms so there is a designated place for those who need space for prayer or meditation during the workday.
• Acknowledge holidays in advance with a friendly and informational e-mail.
• Train employees how to ask respectful and genuinely curious questions. For example, “I noticed you’ve started covering your hair. Would you mind sharing a little bit more about your new practice with me?”
• Avoid treating an employee as a spokesperson for everyone in a religious group.
In addition, Fowler encouraged employers to re-evaluate company traditions such as “Secret Santa” programs, which could alienate those who don’t celebrate Christmas. And, companies that partner with a charitable organization should be sure the mission of the organization “aligns with the company’s diversity goals and standards,” he said.
Guidance on the legal obligations for U.S. employers to prevent religious harassment and discrimination and to accommodate sincerely held religious beliefs can be found on the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s website.
When issues arise, employers should “address behavior, not belief,” Fowler added. “As HR professionals, you do not have to manage what people believe; what you do have to manage is how people behave toward others in the workplace.”
Rebecca R. Hastings, SPHR, is an online editor/manager for SHRM.
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