West Coast Port slowdown could become shutdown in less than a week
A breakdown in contract negotiations between labor and management at America’s west coast ports is threatening to turn a work slowdown into a full-scale strike, the Retail Industry Leaders Association (RILA) warned.
On Wednesday, talks between the Pacific Maritime Association (PMA) representing port management, and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) officially broke down. Without an agreement, experts have suggested that nearly 30 west coast ports could be shut down within a week. According to reports, the two sides remain at odds on several issues, including wages, pensions and arbitration to settle contract disputes.
A work slowdown during contract negotiations over the past seven months has already created logistic nightmares for American exporters, manufacturers and retailers dependent on an efficient supply chain. The congestion has been most pronounced at Los Angeles and Long Beach, Reuters reported, with port authorities reporting more than 20 freighters left idled at anchor, waiting for berths to open up, over the past two days.
A complete shutdown would be catastrophic, with hundreds of thousands of jobs at risk if America’s supply chain grinds to a halt, according to RILA.
"A west coast port shutdown would be an economic disaster," said Kelly Kolb, VP of government affairs for RILA. “A shutdown would not only impact the hundreds of thousands of jobs working directly in America’s transportation supply chain, but the reality is the entire economy would be impacted as exports sit on docks and imports sit in the harbor waiting for manufacturers to build products and retailers to stock shelves. For retailers specifically, a shutdown will have dire consequences for those dependent on spring inventory demand.”
The last prolonged port shutdown of the West Coast ports was the 10-day lockout in 2002 which was estimated to cost the U.S. economy close to $1 billion a day. The companies imposed a lockout that was lifted 10 days later under a court order sought by President George W. Bush.
“A port shutdown of even a short duration could de-rail economic growth and cause long-lasting damage and job losses across the country,” said Kolb. “There needs to be a greater sense of urgency at the White House, before it’s too late.”
[This article first appeared in HBSDealer's sister publication Chain Store Age.]
Residential sales a bright spot for Beacon in Q1
Beacon Roofing Supply, Inc. described first-quarter growth that set the company on a solid foot for the fiscal 2015 year.
“Fiscal 2015 is off to a solid start, as we drove record sales," said president and CEO Paul Isabella. "We are particularly pleased with the growth of our residential product line, which was up 11.2% over the prior year, aided by the 26 new branches opened in the prior fiscal year."
Net sales for the three-month period ended Dec. 31 were up 8.0% to what the company described as a record $596.0 million. This compares to $552.1 in the year-ago period.
The company also noted two acquisitions during the first quarter, whcih added six new branches and sales of $19.7 million during the quarter.
"Complementary sales were also a bright spot in the quarter, up 18.5%," added Isabella. "The sales gains in these two particular product lines as well as stronger warehouse sales led to higher gross margins over prior year and over prior quarter. The combination of sales and margin growth led to EPS that was in line with our expectations and positions us well as we move through the second quarter and the balance of the year."
Net income for the first quarter was $12.9 million, down from last year's $15.0 million in 2014.
First quarter diluted net income per share was $0.26, compared to $0.30 in 2014.
Dads in ads: What’s the latest trend?
On this year’s Super Bowl, it’s changing yet again.
Here at Kleber and Associates, we specialize in brands that are built around the home, so it makes sense that we pay attention to how homes and families are depicted in advertising, in pop culture, in the movies and on TV.
For example, back in the early days of television, families were almost always portrayed with a patriarchal father as the leader of the household. Dad characters were respectable, hardworking and solely responsible for making family decisions.
These guys didn’t lounge around the house in sweat pants; they wore suits and ties and often smoked a pipe — think Jim Anderson in “Father Knows Best,” or Ward Cleaver in “Leave It To Beaver.” Even Ricky Ricardo wore a suit and tie.
According to Mark Crispin Miller, author of “Dad Through the Decades: Thirty Years of TV Fathers,” the depiction of males on TV began changing around the mid-1960s, and continued its downward slide through the 80s and 90s. It began with buffoonish dad characters, like Darren Stevens on “Bewitched,” Jed Clampett on “The Beverly Hillbillies” and even Fred Flintstone.
As the dads shown in prime time began losing authority, the role of women began to gain prominence and influence (of course it’s no coincidence that the women’s rights movement was happening at the time).
This is when women began gaining clout as decision-makers in the household, and when advertisers began making females the primary target of their marketing. Who can forget the Virginia Slims campaign aimed at female smokers — “You’ve Come a Long Way Baby”? By the 1970s, one of the top shows on TV was “The Mary Tyler Moore Show,” featuring an independent, never-married career woman.
A few years later, women were regularly portrayed as the leader of the household. Consider Claire Huxtable in “The Cosby Show” or the mom in “Roseanne” — they were the ones paying the bills, keeping their kids in line and regularly outsmarting their goofy husbands.
In the 90s, dads weren’t just goofy — they were nonexistent. The top shows of the decade rarely featured the traditional family anymore. Think “Seinfeld,” “Sex and the City” and “Friends.”
No dads in any of them. In fact, one of the only memorable father characters of the decade was Homer Simpson. Hardly a positive role model.
This trend didn’t go unnoticed. In 2008, Kleber and Associates wrote a white paper called “Missing Males,” in which we discussed the shifting portrayal of fathers on TV and in advertising. In the paper, K&A cited research by Rose Cameron, author of a worldwide study on men in the media. She found that “74% feel images of their gender in advertising are out of touch with reality.”
In another study conducted by Leo Burnett Worldwide, nearly 80% of American men said they can “barely recognize themselves in advertisements.”
Here’s one example. Verizon Wireless did a commercial in which a father tries to help his daughter with her homework and fails. The daughter is annoyed with her father’s ignorance, and turns to her mother with a look that says, “Obviously males can’t do math — get him out of here.” The mother, in an act of female solidarity, instructs the father to go wash the dishes.
Glenn Sacks, columnist, commentator, talk radio host and highly outspoken critic of male stereotyped advertising, was so angered by this offensive depiction of men that he launched a campaign against Verizon’s “anti-father” advertisement. According to Sacks, Verizon’s ad message was clear: “Dad is dumb, dad is useless, mom is smarter than dad. Hell, even an 8-year-old is smarter than dad.”
One of the many letters Verizon received about that ad stated, “When I look around I see men working 50 hours a week or more to support their families, and still managing to help their children with their homework, read them bedtime stories and be fine role models. Why can’t I see any men like that when I turn on the TV?”
Well, maybe that time has finally come. In the Ad Age article “Move Over Mom, It’s Dad’s Turn in Ads,” it says that the depiction of fathers in advertising is beginning to change, with “fatherhood featured prominently, positively in … this year’s Super Bowl.”
“Kind and gentle dads,” they write, “are populating pitches this year for everything from General Mills’ Cheerios and Hyundai Sonata to Similac. Proud papas will also star in at least three Super Bowl spots — for Unilever’s Dove Men+Care, Toyota and Nissan.”
So why the sudden emergence of positive dads in ads? Jennifer Bremner, marketing director of Dove Men+Care, explains it well in the Ad Age article. “Talking to dads is just smart from a business perspective,” she said. “Men are doing more shopping — dads in particular.”
Here at Kleber and Associates, we’ll definitely keep that in mind in our marketing of home-related products. Our research shows that men are more involved than ever in home design and making appliance choices.
According to a study by the NPD Group, a retail and marketing data company, not only is the number of men involved in cooking and cuisine at a historical high, but today’s “men covet mixers, toasters and gourmet appliances just as much as navigation systems, mobile phones and audio components.”
Men aren’t just decorating man caves and cooking on barbecue grills anymore. They’re increasingly involved in their home lives, and marketers should tap into this vast market. Forward-thinking companies are already providing enhanced style features and amenities that reflect the growing presence of men in this new arena.
It’s similar to the way women were treated by car salesmen years ago. My wife once stopped by a local dealership to browse, and the salesman practically ignored her. “Hey, where’s your husband?” they asked.
We ended up buying our car from a dealer across town.
Marketers of kitchen and bath fixtures, appliances and other home design products should learn from those mistakes and stop ignoring the male audience. Whether single, married or fathers, men today represent a significant source of disposable income throughout all areas of the home.