2021 housing outlook is not without challenges
Housing economists provided their outlook for the year at IBSx, the 2021 virtual International Builders Show.
While the forecast is bright for the home builder industry, housing affordability could be hampered by regulatory and supply-side challenges. These hurdles might slow housing momentum and growth, the economists said.
"Housing affordability will continue to be a top concern this year," said Robert Dietz, chief economist of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB). "On the demand side of the housing market, limited inventories of single-family homes generated strong price gains in 2020.”
Dietz says that supply-side pressures, such as resurgent lumber prices, a shortage of buildable lots, inconsistent access to building materials, and a regional skilled labor deficit foreshadow higher costs and longer build times this year.
“A changing regulatory landscape threatens to further erode housing affordability and make the tight inventory environment worse,” Dietz added.
Single-family starts posted a 2020 total of just under 1 million, 11% over the 2019 level. The NAHB forecast is for ongoing gains for single-family construction in 2021, though at a slower growth rate than in 2020.
Production is expected to rise an additional 5% to 1.03 million this year - marking the first year that total annual single-family production has exceeded 1 million since the Great Recession, the NAHB said.
The multifamily construction market will experience weakness as rent growth slows and vacancy rates rise. The development market should stabilize by 2022, however. Multifamily starts are expected to fall 11% in 2020 to 349,000 units and post a 5% gain to 365,000 units in 2021.
Historically low interest rates continue to drive housing demand. Growth is also being fueled by a shift from urban locations to low-density areas. But as the deployment of COVID-19 vaccines widen this year, it could put
Regarding the biggest short-term challenge facing builders, Dietz said "it is undoubtedly lumber prices. Pricing is now near the peak of mid-September and easily adding at least $16,000 to the cost of building a typical new single-family home."
In the meantime, residential remodeling is expected to grow by 4% this year. This includes upgrades for home offices, gyms, and in-law units.
Looking at the supply and demand factors affecting housing, David Berson, senior vice president and chief economist at Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, said that millennials are key to household growth and housing demand.
"The demographics look good, particularly for the 25-to-40 age group," said Berson.
The problem is a dearth of new and existing homes for sale. "The number of existing homes for sale has never been lower," said Berson. "Why? The pandemic."
The existing inventory currently stands at a record-low 1.9-months' supply. Historically, six months of supply is associated with a balanced market. For new homes, inventory is currently at a 4.3-months' supply, with 302,000 new single-family homes for sale, which is 18.9% lower than December 2019.
With the inventory of total homes for sale at record lows, solid demand coupled with lack of inventory is producing strong price gains that could approach 10 percent this year.
Delving beneath the national numbers, the South and West are regions that will lead new-home growth in the year ahead, according to Frank Nothaft, senior vice president and chief economist at CoreLogic.
"Homes being built are following population flows," he said, noting that metros with affordable homes, high employment and outdoor amenities have had the highest growth in new-home sales over the last year.
New-home demand is greatest in Texas and Florida, which accounted for more than half the nation's population growth last year. Arizona and North Carolina also posted large population gains.
From October 2019 to September 2020, the South posted the largest number of new home sales in the nation, led by Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, Phoenix and Austin, Texas.
"Dallas-Fort Worth had more new home closings in the last year than the entire state of California for single-family homes," said Nothaft.
Growing home equity also bodes well for the remodeling sector, as Nothaft said that remodeling expenditures are expected to rise 3.7% this year to $352 billion.
Renters are also making the shift from multifamily rental dwellings to single-family rental.
"Single-family rents are up 3.5% over the last year, while rents on multifamily rental apartments are down 3%," said Nothaft.
The pandemic has accentuated the popularity of single-family home rentals, Berson said.
Dietz said that he expects single-family built-for-rent construction market share, which is currently around 4.5%, will likely grow to 5% to 6% over the next two to three years.